Engineering of a Polydisperse Small Heat-Shock Protein Reveals Conserved Motifs of Oligomer Plasticity
- PMID: 29983375[PubMed].
Small heat-shock proteins (sHSPs) are molecular chaperones that bind partially and globally unfolded states of their client proteins. Previously, we discovered that the archaeal Hsp16.5, which forms ordered and symmetric 24-subunit oligomers, can be engineered to transition to an ordered and symmetric 48-subunit oligomer by insertion of a peptide from human HspB1 (Hsp27). Here, we uncovered the existence of an array of oligomeric states (30-38 subunits) that can be populated as a consequence of altering the sequence and length of the inserted peptide. Polydisperse Hsp16.5 oligomers displayed higher affinity to a model client protein consistent with a general mechanism for recognition and binding that involves increased access of the hydrophobic N-terminal region. Our findings, which integrate structural and functional analyses from evolutionarily distant sHSPs, support a model wherein the modular architecture of these proteins encodes motifs of oligomer polydispersity, dissociation, and expansion to achieve functional diversity and regulation.