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Binding and state of aggregation of spin-labeled cecropin AD in phospholipid bilayers: effects of surface charge and fatty acyl chain length.


Mchaourab HSH S , Hyde JS J S , Feix JB J B . Biochemistry. 1994 5 31; 33(21). 6691-9


The binding and state of aggregation of cecropin in large unilamellar vesicles of different surface potential and varying acyl chain length were examined using a Cys-33 spin-labeled derivative of cecropin AD (CAD). Association isotherms of the peptide were measured for vesicles of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) containing 5, 15, and 30 mol % 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylglycerol (POPG). The isotherms display a concentration-dependent positive cooperativity indicating the possible formation of cecropin aggregates in the lipid phase. The critical aqueous concentration for aggregation was dependent on the fraction of POPG, suggesting the involvement of acidic lipids in the formation and stabilization of the putative aggregate. Our data also indicate that cooperativity depends on the state of side-chain ionization of an acidic residue that titrates between pH 7 and 4.4. The binding of spin-labeled Cys-33 CAD was found to be influenced by the acyl chain length of the host lipid. The association isotherm of the peptide for dilaureoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine vesicles containing 30 mol % dilauroyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylglycerol (DLPG) differed significantly from that in POPC/POPG and could be interpreted in terms of a monomer-monomer partitioning between the aqueous and lipid phases. ESR line-shape analysis was consistent with peptide aggregation in dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylglycerol vesicles but not in DLPG vesicles.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)