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Small-molecule inhibition of Wnt signaling through activation of casein kinase 1α.


Thorne CACurtis A , Hanson AJ Alison J , Schneider J Judsen , Tahinci E Emilios , Orton D Darren , Cselenyi CS Christopher S , Jernigan KK Kristin K , Meyers KC Kelly C , Hang BI Brian I , Waterson AG Alex G , Kim K Kwangho , Melancon B Bruce , Ghidu VP Victor P , Sulikowski GA Gary A , LaFleur B Bonnie , Salic A Adrian , Lee LA Laura A , Miller DM David M , Lee E Ethan . Nature Chemical Biology. 2010 11 ; 6(11). 829-36


Wnt/β-catenin signaling is critically involved in metazoan development, stem cell maintenance and human disease. Using Xenopus laevis egg extract to screen for compounds that both stabilize Axin and promote β-catenin turnover, we identified an FDA-approved drug, pyrvinium, as a potent inhibitor of Wnt signaling (EC(50) of ∼10 nM). We show pyrvinium binds all casein kinase 1 (CK1) family members in vitro at low nanomolar concentrations and pyrvinium selectively potentiates casein kinase 1α (CK1α) kinase activity. CK1α knockdown abrogates the effects of pyrvinium on the Wnt pathway. In addition to its effects on Axin and β-catenin levels, pyrvinium promotes degradation of Pygopus, a Wnt transcriptional component. Pyrvinium treatment of colon cancer cells with mutation of the gene for adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) or β-catenin inhibits both Wnt signaling and proliferation. Our findings reveal allosteric activation of CK1α as an effective mechanism to inhibit Wnt signaling and highlight a new strategy for targeted therapeutics directed against the Wnt pathway.