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G protein-coupled receptor inhibition of beta-cell electrical excitability and insulin secretion depends on Na/K ATPase activation


Dickerson MTMatthew T , Dadi PKPrasanna K , Zaborska KEKarolina E , Nakhe AYArya Y , Schaub CMCharles M , Dobson JRJordyn R , Wright NMNicole M , Lynch JCJoshua C , Scott CFClaire F , Robinson LDLogan D , Jacobson DADavid A . Nature communications. 2022 10 29; 13(1). 6461


G-coupled somatostatin or α2-adrenergic receptor activation stimulated β-cell NKA activity, resulting in islet Ca fluctuations. Furthermore, intra-islet paracrine activation of β-cell G-GPCRs and NKAs by δ-cell somatostatin secretion slowed Ca oscillations, which decreased insulin secretion. β-cell membrane potential hyperpolarization resulting from G-GPCR activation was dependent on NKA phosphorylation by Src tyrosine kinases. Whereas, β-cell NKA function was inhibited by cAMP-dependent PKA activity. These data reveal that NKA-mediated β-cell membrane potential hyperpolarization is the primary and conserved mechanism for G-GPCR control of electrical excitability, Ca handling, and insulin secretion.