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Brain bases of learning and development of language and reading


Booth JRJames . Human Behavior, Learning and the Developing Brain. 279-300


The purpose of this chapter is to review what is known about the development of neurocognitive networks for language and reading. The chapter focuses on age-related changes in orthographic, phonological, semantic, and syntactical processing. Particular attention is paid to how these different representational systems are integrated by the posterior heteromodal cortex and how anterior systems in the inferior frontal gyrus may modulate these processes. Throughout this chapter, we examine whether learning mechanisms in adults are similar to developmental changes. Similarities between learning and development would support the skill-learning hypothesis that the neural basis of behavioral and cognitive development in children is the same as skill acquisition in adults (Johnson, 2001).