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New Publication: On the Basis for Stumble Recovery Strategy Selection in Healthy Adults

Posted by on Wednesday, July 28, 2021 in Uncategorized.



Healthy adults employ one of three primary strategies to recover from stumble perturbations—elevating, lowering, or delayed lowering. The basis upon which each recovery strategy is selected is not known. Though strategy selection is often associated with swing percentage at which the perturbation occurs, swing percentage does not fully predict strategy selection; it is not a physical quantity; and it is not strictly a real-time measurement. The objective of this work is to better describe the basis of strategy selection in healthy individuals during stumble events, and in particular to identify a set of real-time measurable, physical quantities that better predict stumble recovery strategy selection, relative to swing percentage. To do this, data from a prior seven-participant stumble experiment were reanalyzed. A set of biomechanical measurements at/after the perturbation were taken and considered in a two-stage classification structure to find the set of measurements (i.e., features) that best explained the strategy selection process. For Stage 1 (decision between initially elevating or lowering of the leg), the proposed model correctly predicted 99.0% of the strategies used, compared to 93.6% with swing percentage. For Stage 2 (decision between elevating or delayed lowering of the leg), the model correctly predicted 94.0% of the strategies used, compared to 85.6% with swing percentage. This model uses dynamic factors of the human body to predict strategy with substantially improved accuracy relative to swing percentage, giving potential insight into human physiology as well as potentially better informing the design of fall-prevention interventions.