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Solvation Dynamics in Protein Environments Studied by Photon Echo Spectroscopy


Jordanides X.J. , Lang M.J. , Song X. , Fleming G.R. . Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 1999 ; 103(37). 7995-8005


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Photon echo spectroscopy is used to study the mechanisms of solvation dynamics in protein environments at room temperature. Ultrafast and additional multi-exponential long time scales are observed in the three-pulse photon echo peak shift data of the fluorescein dye eosin bound to lysozyme in aqueous solution. The dynamics of the solvated lysozyme are characterized with dielectric continuum models that integrate dielectric data for water with that for lysozyme. By comparing our data with previous results for eosin in water [Lang, M. J.; Jordanides, X. J.; Song, X.; Fleming, G. R. J. Chem. Phys. 1999, 110, 5584], we find that the total coupling of the electronic transition frequency of eosin to the nuclear motions of the aqueous lysozyme solution is smaller than in the aqueous solution. On an ultrafast time scale, solvation appears to be dominated by the surrounding water and not by the ultrafast internal motions of lysozyme. However, over long time scales, lysozyme does contribute significantly, either directly through motions of polar side chains or indirectly through reorientation of the water “bound” to the surface of the protein.