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CaMKIIα phosphorylation of Shank3 modulates ABI1-Shank3 interaction


Perfitt TLTyler L , Stauffer PEPhilip E , Spiess KLKeeley L , Colbran RJRoger J . Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2020 01 23; 524(1). 262-267


Protein-protein interactions can be modulated by phosphorylation of either binding partner, thereby altering subcellular localization and/or physiological function. Shank3, a master postsynaptic scaffolding protein that controls the developmental maturation of excitatory synapses, was recently shown to be phosphorylated by Protein Kinase A (PKA) at Ser685 in vivo. Mutation of Shank3 Ser685 was shown to modulate the binding of Abelson interactor 1 (ABI1), a component of the WAVE regulatory complex for actin remodeling, but a direct effect of Ser685 phosphorylation on ABI1 binding was not investigated. Here, we demonstrate that Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II alpha (CaMKIIα) also phosphorylates Shank3 at Ser685. Mutation of Ser685 to phospho-null alanine (S685A) prevented both CaMKIIα and PKA phosphorylation of a GST-Shank3 fusion protein. The co-immunoprecipitation of ABI1 with Shank3 from HEK293 cell extracts is reduced by mutation of Ser685 to either Ala or Asp. However, pre-phosphorylation of GST-Shank3 by purified CaMKIIα significantly increased binding of ABI1, and this effect was abrogated by Ser685 to Ala mutation in GST-Shank3. Taken together, our data suggest that neuronal ABI1-Shank3 interactions may be convergently regulated by Shank3 Ser685 phosphorylation in response to both Ca and cAMP signaling, potentially modulating dendritic spine morphology.