A unique isoform of phospholipase Cbeta4 highly expressed in the cerebellum and eye.
- PMID: 9931434[PubMed].
We report a unique isoform of PLCbeta4 in rat, PLCbeta4c, that has an additional 37-nucleotide exon inserted between nucleotides 3459-3460 of the previously published PLCbeta4a coding sequence. This insertion results in replacement of 22 amino acid residues at the carboxyl terminal tail of PLCbeta4a with 41 unique residues. A human EST for PLCbeta4 also contains this exon and this exon was mapped to within a 5.5 kb intron of the human PLCbeta4 gene. PLCbeta4c is the third PLCbeta4 isoform to be identified which has a unique carboxyl-terminal tail. PLCbeta4b differs from PLCbeta4a by truncation 162 amino acid residues from the carboxyl terminus which are replaced with 10 distinct amino acid residues. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction experiments show that both PLCbeta4a and PLCbeta4c mRNA are expressed throughout the rat brain and that PLCbeta4c mRNA is highly expressed in the eye and cerebellum. RNase protection assays demonstrate that both PLCbeta4a and PLCbeta4c transcripts are abundant in the cerebellum. The different carboxyl terminal tails of PLCbeta4 isoforms may allow for differential targeting and subcellular localization, contributing to regulation of PLC beta4-mediated signal transduction.