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Circulating prostate cancer cells have differential resistance to fluid shear stress-induced cell death


Hope JMJacob M , Bersi MRMatthew R , Dombroski JAJenna A , Clinch ABAndrea B , Pereles RSRebecca S , Merryman WDW David , King MRMichael R . Journal of cell science. 2021 2 22; 134(4).


Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are exposed to fluid shear stress (FSS) of greater than 1000 dyn/cm (100 Pa) in circulation. Normally, CTCs that are exposed to FSS of this magnitude die. However, some CTCs develop resistance to this FSS, allowing them to colonize distant organs. We explored how prostate CTCs can resist cell death in response to forces of this magnitude. The DU145, PC3 and LNCaP human prostate cancer cell lines were used to represent cells of different metastatic origins. The cell lines were briefly treated with an average FSS of 3950 dyn/cm (395 Pa) using a 30 G needle and a syringe pump. DU145 cells had no change in cell viability, PC3 cells had some cell death and LNCaP cells exhibited significant cell death. These cell death responses correlated with increased cell membrane damage, less efficient membrane repair and increased stiffness. Additionally, FSS treatment prevented the LNCaP FSS-sensitive cell line from forming a growing tumor This suggests that these properties play a role in FSS resistance and could represent potential targets for disrupting blood-borne metastasis.