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Reduced ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux and accelerated atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice lacking macrophage-derived ACAT1.


Su YRYan Ru , Dove DE Dwayne E , Major AS Amy S , Hasty AH Alyssa H , Boone B Branden , Linton MF MacRae F , Fazio S Sergio . Circulation. 2005 5 10; 111(18). 2373-81


Macrophage acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase 1 (ACAT1) and apolipoprotein E (apoE) have been implicated in regulating cellular cholesterol homeostasis and therefore play critical roles in foam cell formation. Deletion of either ACAT1 or apoE results in increased atherosclerosis in hyperlipidemic mice, possibly as a consequence of altered cholesterol processing. We have studied the effect of macrophage ACAT1 deletion on atherogenesis in apoE-deficient (apoE-/-) mice with or without the restoration of macrophage apoE.