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Lipid regulation of the synaptic vesicle cycle.


AUTHORS

Rohrbough J , Broadie K , . Nature reviews. Neuroscience. 2005 2 ; 6(2). 139-50

ABSTRACT

Membrane vesicle cycling is orchestrated through the combined actions of proteins and lipids. At neuronal synapses, this orchestration must meet the stringent demands of speed, fidelity and sustainability of the synaptic vesicle cycle that mediates neurotransmission. Historically, the lion's share of the attention has been focused on the proteins that are involved in this cycle; but, in recent years, it has become clear that the previously unheralded plasma membrane and vesicle lipids are also key regulators of this cycle. This article reviews recent insights into the roles of lipid-modifying enzymes and lipids in the acute modulation of neurotransmission.


Membrane vesicle cycling is orchestrated through the combined actions of proteins and lipids. At neuronal synapses, this orchestration must meet the stringent demands of speed, fidelity and sustainability of the synaptic vesicle cycle that mediates neurotransmission. Historically, the lion's share of the attention has been focused on the proteins that are involved in this cycle; but, in recent years, it has become clear that the previously unheralded plasma membrane and vesicle lipids are also key regulators of this cycle. This article reviews recent insights into the roles of lipid-modifying enzymes and lipids in the acute modulation of neurotransmission.


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